The Alexander Technique addresses what's happening in this photo of Ian as a child.
This 'S' shape distortion of the head, neck, back relationship, often seen in children, isn't learnt behaviour, and can't be improved with instructions to 'do' something about it.
The only thing that works is gentle encouragement to think - neck free, head forward and up, back lengthening and widening, knees forward and away - out of that pattern, and into something more balanced and easy.
Everybody has the resources to stop, and allow upward direction and expansion, lightness of body and mind. But whatever's getting in the way, while it's nobody else's fault, isn't something we should be too hard on ourselves about. The old way of standing, and what happens when Alexander work releases us from it, are both natural, but the old way is deep and persistent. Lots of work is needed.
"The causes of an individual's mal-coordination are many. They may be attributed to fear, to shock, to imitation in youth, to instruction, to working conditions, to heredity, to malnutrition - in fact, to any number of causes stretching back into the past, perhaps for generations. All this notwithstanding, a pupil should accept responsibility for the mess he is in. And what is more important, he should accept responsibility for getting himself out of it." Patrick Macdonald
Ian Cross - Cardigan Alexander Technique 2020